Gene interactions and pathways from curated databases and text-mining
Cancer Res 2004, PMID: 15256456

Expression of angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukin-8/CXCL8 is highly responsive to ambient glutamine availability: role of nuclear factor-kappaB and activating protein-1.

Bobrovnikova-Marjon, Ekaterina V; Marjon, Philip L; Barbash, Olena; Vander Jagt, David L; Abcouwer, Steve F

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and interleukin-8/CXCL8 (IL-8) are prominent pro-angiogenic and pro-metastatic proteins that represent negative prognostic factors in many types of cancer. Hypoxia is thought to be the primary environmental cause of VEGF and IL-8 expression in solid tumors. We hypothesized that a lack of nutrients other than oxygen could stimulate the expression of these factors and previously demonstrated that expression of VEGF and IL-8 is responsive to amino acid deprivation. In the present study, we examined the effect of glutamine availability on the expression of these factors as well as the role of transcription factors NFkappaB and activating protein-1 (AP-1) in the response of TSE human breast carcinoma cells to glutamine deprivation. VEGF and IL-8 secretion and mRNA levels were dramatically induced by glutamine deprivation. mRNA stabilization contributed to this response. Glutamine deprivation increased NFkappaB (p65/p50) and AP-1 (Fra-1/c-Jun+JunD) DNA-binding activities. Blocking NFkappaB and AP-1 activation with curcumin as well as expression of dominant inhibitors, inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB (IkappaB) super repressor (IkappaBM), and a mutant form of c-Fos (A-Fos) demonstrated that the activation of NFkappaB and AP-1 transcription factors was necessary for the induction of IL-8 expression but dispensable for the induction of VEGF expression. A macro-array containing 111 NFkappaB target genes identified a total of 17 that were up-regulated 2-fold or more in response to glutamine deprivation. These included growth regulated oncogene alpha (GROalpha/GRO1/CXCL1), another neutrophil chemoattractant implicated in tumor angiogenesis and metastasis.

Diseases/Pathways annotated by Medline MESH: Breast Neoplasms
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Text Mining Data

VEGF ⊣ glutamine: " VEGF and IL-8 secretion and mRNA levels were dramatically induced by glutamine deprivation "

IL-8 ⊣ glutamine: " VEGF and IL-8 secretion and mRNA levels were dramatically induced by glutamine deprivation "

IL-8 → AP-1: " Blocking NFkappaB and AP-1 activation with curcumin as well as expression of dominant inhibitors, inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB ( IkappaB ) super repressor ( IkappaBM ), and a mutant form of c-Fos ( A-Fos ) demonstrated that the activation of NFkappaB and AP-1 transcription factors was necessary for the induction of IL-8 expression but dispensable for the induction of VEGF expression "

IL-8 → NFkappaB: " Blocking NFkappaB and AP-1 activation with curcumin as well as expression of dominant inhibitors, inhibitor of nuclear factor-kappaB ( IkappaB ) super repressor ( IkappaBM ), and a mutant form of c-Fos ( A-Fos ) demonstrated that the activation of NFkappaB and AP-1 transcription factors was necessary for the induction of IL-8 expression but dispensable for the induction of VEGF expression "

Manually curated Databases

No curated data.