Gene interactions and pathways from curated databases and text-mining
J Immunol 2007, PMID: 17947707

HVEM signaling in monocytes is mediated by intracellular calcium mobilization.

Heo, Sook-Kyoung; Yoon, Min-A; Lee, Sang-Chul; Ju, Seong-A; Choi, Jang-Hyun; Suh, Pann-Ghill; Kwon, Byoung S; Kim, Byung-Sam

Herpes virus entry mediator (HVEM) is a member of the TNF receptor (TNFR) superfamily and is expressed on many immune cells, including T and B cells, NK cells, monocytes, and neutrophils. Interaction of HVEM with its ligand, LIGHT, costimulates T cells and increases the bactericidal activity of monocytes and neutrophils. The interaction recruits cytoplasmic TNFR-associated factor adaptor proteins to the intracellular domain of HVEM. This leads to NFkappaB activation as a result of IkappaBalpha degradation and/or JNK/AP-1 activation, and ultimately results in the expression of genes required for cell survival, cytokine production, or cell proliferation. In this study, we show that treatment of human monocytes with recombinant human LIGHT (rhLIGHT) induces rapid elevation of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in a HVEM-specific manner in parallel with TNF-alpha production, and enhances the bactericidal activities of monocytes. Immunoprecipitation and Western blotting analyses revealed phosphorylation of phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLCgamma1) but not PLCgamma2. rhLIGHT-induced Ca(2+)response was completely abolished by silencing PLCgamma1, or preincubating monocytes with PLC inhibitors, antagonists of the inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate receptor, or [Ca(2+)](i) chelators. Furthermore, these PLC/Ca(2+) inhibitors also blocked rhLIGHT-mediated IkappaBalpha degradation, generation of reactive oxygen species, TNF-alpha production and the bactericidal activities of monocytes. Our results indicate that Ca(2+)is a downstream mediator of the LIGHT/HVEM interaction in monocytes.

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Text Mining Data

NFkappaB → JNK/AP-1: " This leads to NFkappaB activation as a result of IkappaBalpha degradation and/or JNK/AP-1 activation, and ultimately results in the expression of genes required for cell survival, cytokine production, or cell proliferation "

NFkappaB → IkappaBalpha: " This leads to NFkappaB activation as a result of IkappaBalpha degradation and/or JNK/AP-1 activation, and ultimately results in the expression of genes required for cell survival, cytokine production, or cell proliferation "

Manually curated Databases

No curated data.