Gene interactions and pathways from curated databases and text-mining
Hepatology 1995, PMID: 7635431

Differential activation of transcription factors NF-kappa B and AP-1 in rat liver macrophages.

Tran-Thi, T A; Decker, K; Baeuerle, P A

Liver macrophages (Kupffer cells) respond to many stimulations with the production of bioactive substances including cytokines, eicosanoids, and inorganic radicals. In this study the activation of transcription factors by substances inducing cytokine gene expression or superoxide formation in rat Kupffer cells was examined. Using primary cultures of rat Kupffer cells the role of NF-kappa B and activator protein 1 (AP-1) in the expression of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was investigated. Both transcription factors were strongly activated but with different kinetics. Maximal DNA-binding activity was induced with 50 ng of LPS/mL of medium and persisted for at least 24 hours. At that time, NF-kappa B- as well as AP-1-DNA complexes decreased their mobilities in native gels. Among the cytokines tested only TNF-alpha and macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) were able to activate NF-kappa B in Kupffer cells. Phorbol ester and zymosan activated AP-1 but not NF-kappa B; the treatment of zymosan yielding a modified form of AP-1. Of all substances found to interfere with TNF-alpha production by Kupffer cells (pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, dexamethasone, prostaglandin E2, interleukin [IL]-4, IL-10, and transforming growth factor-beta [TGF-beta]) only pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate was able to completely inhibit the activation of NF-kappa B by LPS. Although not abrogating the LPS activation of NF-kappa B, dexamethasone inhibited that of AP-1. The results indicate a direct participation of NF-kappa B in the regulation of TNF-alpha synthesis and a differential effect of LPS on NF-kappa B and AP-1, respectively.

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Text Mining Data

tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) ⊣ activator protein 1 (AP-1): " Using primary cultures of rat Kupffer cells the role of NF-kappa B and activator protein 1 (AP-1) in the expression of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was investigated "

tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) ⊣ NF-kappa B: " Using primary cultures of rat Kupffer cells the role of NF-kappa B and activator protein 1 (AP-1) in the expression of the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was investigated "

LPS → NF-kappa B: " Of all substances found to interfere with TNF-alpha production by Kupffer cells ( pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate, dexamethasone, prostaglandin E2, interleukin [ IL]-4, IL-10, and transforming growth factor-beta [ TGF-beta ] ) only pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate was able to completely inhibit the activation of NF-kappa B by LPS "

LPS → NF-kappa B: " Although not abrogating the LPS activation of NF-kappa B , dexamethasone inhibited that of AP-1 "

TNF-alpha — NF-kappa B: " The results indicate a direct participation of NF-kappa B in the regulation of TNF-alpha synthesis and a differential effect of LPS on NF-kappa B and AP-1, respectively "

AP-1 — TNF-alpha: " The results indicate a direct participation of NF-kappa B in the regulation of TNF-alpha synthesis and a differential effect of LPS on NF-kappa B and AP-1 , respectively "

AP-1 — LPS: " The results indicate a direct participation of NF-kappa B in the regulation of TNF-alpha synthesis and a differential effect of LPS on NF-kappa B and AP-1 , respectively "

AP-1 — NF-kappa B: " The results indicate a direct participation of NF-kappa B in the regulation of TNF-alpha synthesis and a differential effect of LPS on NF-kappa B and AP-1 , respectively "

NF-kappa B — LPS: " The results indicate a direct participation of NF-kappa B in the regulation of TNF-alpha synthesis and a differential effect of LPS on NF-kappa B and AP-1, respectively "

Manually curated Databases

No curated data.