The aim of the GENCODE
Genes project (Harrow et al., 2006) is to produce a set of
highly accurate annotations of evidence-based gene features on the human reference genome.
This includes the identification of all protein-coding loci with associated
alternative splice variants, non-coding with transcript evidence in the public
databases (NCBI/EMBL/DDBJ) and pseudogenes. A high quality set of gene
structures is necessary for many research studies such as comparative or
evolutionary analyses, or for experimental design and interpretation of the
The GENCODE Genes tracks display the high-quality manual annotations merged
with evidence-based automated annotations across the entire
human genome. The GENCODE gene set presents a full merge
between HAVANA manual annotation and Ensembl automatic annotation.
Priority is given to the manually curated HAVANA annotation using predicted
Ensembl annotations when there are no corresponding manual annotations. With
each release, there is an increase in the number of annotations that have undergone
This annotation was carried out on the GRCh38 (hg38) genome assembly.
For more information on the different gene tracks, see our Genes FAQ.
These are multi-view composite tracks that contain differing data sets
(views). Instructions for configuring multi-view tracks are
Only some subtracks are shown by default. The user can select which subtracks
are displayed via the display controls on the track details pages.
Further details on display conventions and data interpretation are available in the track descriptions.
GENCODE Genes and its associated tables can be explored interactively using the
REST API, the
Table Browser or the
The GENCODE data files for hg38 are available in our
downloads directory as wgEncodeGencode* files in genePred format.
All the tables can also be queried directly from our public MySQL
servers, with instructions on this method available on our
MySQL help page as well as on
GENCODE version 42
corresponds to Ensembl 108.
GENCODE version 41
corresponds to Ensembl 107.
GENCODE version 40
corresponds to Ensembl 106.
GENCODE version 39
corresponds to Ensembl 105.
GENCODE version 38
corresponds to Ensembl 104.
GENCODE version 37
corresponds to Ensembl 103.
GENCODE version 36
corresponds to Ensembl 102.
GENCODE version 35
corresponds to Ensembl 101.
GENCODE version 34
corresponds to Ensembl 100.
GENCODE version 33
corresponds to Ensembl 99.
GENCODE version 30
corresponds to Ensembl 96.
GENCODE version 29
corresponds to Ensembl 94.
GENCODE version 28
corresponds to Ensembl 92.
GENCODE version 27
corresponds to Ensembl 90.
GENCODE version 26
corresponds to Ensembl 88.
GENCODE version 24
corresponds to Ensembl 84.
GENCODE version 23
corresponds to Ensembl 81.
GENCODE version 22
corresponds to Ensembl 79.
GENCODE version 20
corresponds to Ensembl 76.
See also: The GENCODE Project Release History.
The GENCODE project is an international collaboration funded by NIH/NHGRI
grant U41HG007234. More information is available
Participating GENCODE institutions and personnel can be found
Frankish A, Diekhans M, Jungreis I, Lagarde J, Loveland JE, Mudge JM, Sisu C, Wright JC, Armstrong
J, Barnes I et al.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2021 Jan 8;49(D1):D916-D923.
A full list of GENCODE publications are available
at The GENCODE
Project web site.
Data Release Policy
GENCODE data are available for use without restrictions.